Kenslow Knoll bowl barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007993

Date first listed: 16-Feb-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Kenslow Knoll bowl barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007993 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2018 at 04:17:44.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales (District Authority)

Parish: Middleton and Smerrill

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 18423 61717

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the centre and part of the edge of Kenslow Knoll bowl barrow have been disturbed by excavation, significant archaeological remains are preserved in the unexcavated areas.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Kenslow Knoll bowl barrow occupies a hilltop position in the central uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument is a sub-circular barrow measuring 19.5m by 16m. It has a level top and stands c.0.75m high. Partial excavations carried out by William Bateman in 1821 and Thomas Bateman in 1848 revealed a lined rock-cut grave containing an inhumation accompanied by a round-heeled bronze dagger with three rivets and a number of quartz pebbles which surrounded the head. A second inhumation was accompanied by a Romano-British penannular brooch and pot sherd. The grave also contained a stone battleaxe, burnt bones indicative of a cremation burial, and a rubbing stone, while, elsewhere in the mound, various human and animal bones were found in addition to fragments of a polished stone axe, numerous flint and bone implements, a shale ring, sherds of Beaker pottery, seven perforated bone crescents and an iron knife. The remains indicate that the barrow originated in the Early Bronze Age but that it was re-used in the Romano-British period. The iron knife suggests that it was also used in the Anglian period.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23250

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 20-22
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849), 28-30
Clarke, D L, The Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland, (1970)
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 73-4

End of official listing