Calling Low bowl barrow

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008003
Date first listed:
25-Feb-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Calling Low bowl barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Derbyshire
District:
Derbyshire Dales (District Authority)
Parish:
Youlgreave
National Park:
PEAK DISTRICT
National Grid Reference:
SK 17484 64874

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Calling Low bowl barrow is a well-preserved example which has suffered only limited disturbance and retains significant archaeological remains.

Details

Calling Low bowl barrow is situated east of Cales Dale in the central uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a partly natural sub-circular mound measuring 13m by 11m and standing c.1.5m high. This was partially excavated in 1846 by Thomas Bateman, when a cist was found near the surface of the mound, inserted into a natural knoll. The cist contained a crouched human skeleton, a sandstone sphere, the leg bones of a dog and two flint implements. These remains indicate a Bronze Age date for the barrow. The drystone wall which crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling though the ground underneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
23239
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849), 98-99
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 102

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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