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Friden Hollow bowl barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Friden Hollow bowl barrow

List entry Number: 1008004

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Middleton and Smerrill

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Feb-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23240

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although Friden Hollow bowl barrow has been disturbed by excavation and past agricultural practice, it is an unusual example which, in addition to rare evidence of an in-situ cremation, retains further significant archaeological remains which will provide evidence of the barrow's origins.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Friden Hollow bowl barrow is a sub-circular barrow located in the central uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a mound measuring 16m by 14m and standing c.0.5m high. Previously, the barrow would have been somewhat higher but its profile has been changed by ploughing occurring during World War II. Partial excavations of the mound were carried out in 1825, by William Bateman, and in 1844, by Thomas Bateman, when traces of burnt bone and charcoal were found indicating an in-situ cremation. The appearance of the barrow, and its proximity to others datable to the Bronze Age, suggest that it too dates to this period. However, pot sherds of a very hard texture found during excavation may date to the Roman or Anglian periods, and suggest either that the barrow was re-used at this time or that it is not of prehistoric origin. In this respect, and others, it is similar to nearby Ringham Low bowl barrow.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849), 33,54
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 74
Ward, J, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in Notes on some Derbys Antiquities from S Mitchell's memoranda, (1908), 155-72

National Grid Reference: SK 17438 61325

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008004 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 02:48:21.

End of official listing