Bowl barrow in Millpond Wood

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008015
Date first listed:
16-Mar-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Millpond Wood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008015 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 25-Jun-2019 at 00:21:54.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Kent
District:
Sevenoaks (District Authority)
Parish:
Sevenoaks
National Grid Reference:
TQ 53813 56619

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation, the bowl barrow in Millpond Wood survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence realting to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a prominent sandy ridge. The barrow has an oval mound 33m east-west by 28m north-south and is 1.8m high. Surrounding this is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. Although no longer visible at ground level, having become infilled over the years, the ditch survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The barrow was partially excavated in the 1890s when traces of a cremation burial were discovered beneath the mound. Hundreds of pieces of worked flint and tools dating to the Mesolithic period were also discovered in the make-up of the mound and surrounding area, showing that the barrow was constructed on a much earlier flint-working site. Excluded from the scheduling are all fences and fence posts although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
23015
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
'Archaeologia Cantiana' in Archaeologia Cantiana, , Vol. 39, (1927)
Abbott, W L, 'Journal of Anthropology' in Wilderness Barrow, , Vol. 25, (1895)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].