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Drungewick Manor moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Drungewick Manor moated site

List entry Number: 1008049

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Loxwood

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Mar-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20017

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Drungewick Manor moated site survives well with large areas of the island remaining undisturbed. The waterlogged nature of the moat provides conditions for the preservation of organic remains relating to the economy of the site's inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a large moated site situated in a low-lying area to the south of the River Arun. The site has a roughly rectangular island, aligned NW-SE, surrounded by a partially waterfilled moat. The island measures c.220m by c.130m and contains the remains of a 13th-century house and chapel known from documentary sources to have been built on the island. The buried foundations of the chapel lie c.80m to the east of the present house, which itself marks the probable location of the original house. Around the southern edge of the island is a bank up to 12m wide and 2m high. The western corner of the surrounding moat is no longer visible at ground level, having been deliberately infilled, but survives as a buried feature. Elsewhere the moat is still visible and measures between 7m and 13m wide and at its deepest point is c.4.5m deep. The northern arm, the southern section of the eastern arm, part of the southern arm and the visible part of the western arm are waterfilled. A causeway situated across the eastern arm of the moat may be an original access to the island. On the outer side of the southern arm is a bank believed to be constructed from the dredged silts of the moat. Drungewick originally belonged to the cell of the Norman Abbey of Seez in Arundel and in 1256 passed to John de Clymping, fourteenth Bishop of Chichester, who built a house and chapel on the site. Excluded from the scheduling are the inhabited house and bungalow, garage, sheds and barns, pavilion/summerhouse, tennis court, greenhouses, footbridge, modern walling and fences although the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Buckwell, J C, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Archaeological Collections, , Vol. 56, (1914), 161-4
Other
TQ03SE2, (1970)

National Grid Reference: TQ 06150 30682

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008049 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 02:51:56.

End of official listing