Bowl barrow on Earlswood Common 20m south of Pendleton Road

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008052

Date first listed: 16-Mar-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Earlswood Common 20m south of Pendleton Road
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Reigate and Banstead (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: TQ 26698 48717

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 20m south of Pendleton Road on Earlswood Common survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes one of an original group of three bowl barrows set on a gentle south-facing slope on a rise in the Lower Greensand. The barrow has a mound 11m in diameter and 0.5m high with a surrounding quarry ditch from which material was excavated during the construction of the monument. This has become partially infilled over the years but survives as an earthwork feature up to 1.5m wide and 0.1m deep to the north of the mound; elsewhere it survives as a buried feature. Excluded from the scheduling are the four old bench supports on the mound although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20166

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Surrey Barrows 1934-1987: A Reappraisal, , Vol. 79, (1987), 30

End of official listing