Larks Low bowl barrow

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008060
Date first listed:
04-Feb-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Larks Low bowl barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Derbyshire
District:
Derbyshire Dales (District Authority)
Parish:
Middleton and Smerrill
National Park:
PEAK DISTRICT
National Grid Reference:
SK 20086 62605

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although Larks Low bowl barrow has been partly excavated and disturbed by past agricultural practice, it still survives reasonably well and retains further significant archaeological remains.

Details

The monument is located in the central uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire and is a bowl barrow which includes a sub-circular 1m high mound measuring 13m by 8.5m in diameter. Originally the barrow would have been more uniformly circular with a diameter of c.10m, but the profile has been altered by past agricultural activities. A partial excavation of the site was carried out by William Bateman and Mitchell in 1825 when a limestone cist or grave was revealed and found to cover a pit in the old land surface which contained the remains of two cremation burials and an inhumation. Accompanying these burials was a collared urn and a smaller vessel known as a pygmy cup. Further human and animal bones were found in the mound above the cist in addition to quartz pebbles, a whetstone and a bronze pin. These remains date the barrow to the Bronze Age.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
23262
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849), 33

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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