Bowl barrow in Foggy Lees Plantation

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008061
Date first listed:
24-Apr-1972
Date of most recent amendment:
08-Dec-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Foggy Lees Plantation
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Derbyshire
District:
Derbyshire Dales (District Authority)
Parish:
Middleton and Smerrill
National Park:
PEAK DISTRICT
National Grid Reference:
SK 18896 63572

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although partly excavated, the bowl barrow in Foggy Lees Plantation retains further significant archaeological remains and evidence of important architectural features.

Details

The monument is a roughly circular bowl barrow situated above Flax Dale in the central uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. It includes a mound measuring 17m in diameter and c.0.75m high and was partially excavated on three occasions by Thomas Bateman, once in 1847 and twice in 1849. Bateman found that the barrow consists of an earth layer covering a stone cairn which is retained by a drystone kerb two courses high. Within the kerb on the west side, found within a partially walled rock-cut grave, was a cremation covered by a collared urn. A second cremation was found in the kerb on the north side, accompanied by another decayed urn. Further disturbed human remains were found, in addition to numerous flints, potsherds, melted lead and a fragment of a polished stone axe. The latter was probably residual; that is, part of the material used to construct the barrow. The other remains date the monument to the Bronze Age.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
23263
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Abercromby, J, Bronze Age Pottery of the British Isles, (1912), 89
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 62-4
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849), 100-1
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 75

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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