Bowl barrow 820m south of Bristol Plain Farm: part of a linear round barrow cemetery
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1008089
Date first listed: 19-Dec-1929
Date of most recent amendment: 19-Sep-1994
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Mendip (District Authority)
Parish: Rodney Stoke
District: Mendip (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: ST 50402 51182
Reasons for Designation
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
The bowl barrow 820m south of Bristol Plain Farm survives well and contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. As well as being associated with the other bowl barrows in the round barrow cemetery, numerous other burial monuments of the same date also survive in the area. Such evidence gives an indication of the intensity of occupation and the nature of social organisation present in the area during the Bronze Age period.
The monument includes a bowl barrow located on level ground at the boundary of
Rodney Stoke and Westbury parishes. It is visible as a barrow mound 17m in
diameter and c.1m high at its highest point. Although no longer visible at
ground level a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction
of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over
the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.
A drystone wall running roughly east to west crosses the barrow mound. A
second drystone wall runs south from this point. Both walls are excluded from
the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 13914
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural Hist Soc' in Somerset Barrows Part II, , Vol. Vol 115, (1971), p. 114
Tratman, E K, 'University of Bristol Speleological Society' in Barrow Catalogue, ()
Tratman, E K, 'Proceedings of the Univ of Bristol Speleological Society' in Fieldwork, , Vol. Vol 2(3), (1925), p. 284
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing