Green Bank bowl barrow, 230m east of the Avebury henge monument

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008097

Date first listed: 05-Aug-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 21-Jan-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Green Bank bowl barrow, 230m east of the Avebury henge monument
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Avebury

National Grid Reference: SU 10701 70043

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial monuments in the country. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and around 320 in the Avebury area. This group of monuments will provide important information on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. All surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow 230m east of the Avebury henge monument is a well preserved example of its class and is the closest known barrow to the henge monument. The barrow will contain archaeological and environmental evidence of its construction and use and former land-use within this important part of the Avebury landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a well preserved bowl barrow located south of the Herepath (Green Lane), 230m east of the Avebury henge monument. The barrow is located between a private house built in 1908 and a paddock to the east. The barrow mound has a diameter of 26m and stands up to 3.6m high. Surrounding the barrow is a quarry ditch from which material was taken to construct the mound. This has become infilled over the years but will survive below ground level as a buried feature c.3m wide. There is no record of the barrow having been excavated but a shallow depression at the centre of the summit is probably evidence of a vertical shaft having been dug into the barrow at some time prior to the turn of this century. Excluded from the scheduling are the fences which cross the monument and lie between the barrow and the garden to the west, and between the barrow and the paddock to the east; however, the ground beneath both fences is included in the scheduling. Also excluded is the pond which cuts the area of the barrow's ditch and the ground beneath this feature.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21727

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SU 17 SW 12, RCHM(E), Bowl Barrow, (1973)
SU06NE651, CAO, Bowl barrow, (1983)

End of official listing