Grange Stables bell barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008098

Date first listed: 12-Apr-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Feb-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Grange Stables bell barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Avebury

National Grid Reference: SU 08508 69214

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1600-1300 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the Grange Stables bell barrow survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a well preserved bell barrow situated on a gentle east- facing slope, overlooking the Longstones long barrow and facing the Beckhampton round barrow cemetery, 600m to the east. The barrow mound measures 28m across and stands up to 2.57m high. The mound is surrounded by a gently sloping berm c.6.3m wide which survives best on the west side of the monument. Surrounding the berm is a quarry ditch from which material for the construction of the mound was taken. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The barrow has a depression on its summit c.1.5m wide, c.2m long and 0.3m deep which represents a previous antiquarian investigation of the site, although there is no record of this excavation. The barrow has been reduced on its eastern side by the route of the former trackway leading to the stable gates from the south. This track can be seen as a slight earthwork c.4m wide and has been replaced by a more recent access, located further to the east. Excluded from the scheduling is the fence running east-west across the north side of the barrow and the surface of the trackway where it overlies the barrow, although the land beneath both features is included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21728

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Review of monument under MPP, Discussion between P. Jeffery and J. Schofield (EH) on site, (1992)
SU 06 NE 142, RCHM(E), Bowl barrow, (1973)

End of official listing