Bowl barrow 700m north of Betton Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008128

Date first listed: 05-Aug-1933

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Aug-1994


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 700m north of Betton Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: East Ayton

National Grid Reference: SE 99848 86113

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although this barrow has been partially excavated and altered by agricultural activity it survives reasonably well. Further evidence of the structure of the mound, the surrounding ditch and burials will be preserved.


The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow. The barrow mound is 23m in diameter and up to 1.2m high. The barrow is crossed by a field boundary; to the west of this boundary the mound has been affected by agricultural activity and is only 0.4m high. To the east of the boundary the mound is 1.2m high. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was excavated during the construction of the monument surrounds the barrow mound. This has become in-filled over the years but survives as a buried feature 4m wide. The barrow was partially excavated by Lord Conyngham, a 19th century antiquarian. He found a cremation and two flint arrow heads.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23806

Legacy System: RSM


04219, North Yorkshire SMR,

End of official listing