Bowl barrow 470m south east of Down Barn: an outlier of the Chaldon Down barrow group
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1008146
Date first listed: 21-Jul-1994
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Mar-2019 at 11:58:49.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Purbeck (District Authority)
Parish: Chaldon Herring
National Grid Reference: SY 78213 81553
Reasons for Designation
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
The bowl barrow 470m south east of Down Barn survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. This barrow is one of a number which survive on the chalk and heathland between the River Frome and the Dorset coast.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on chalk downland above the
Dorset coast. It lies on a north facing slope, below the crest of a hill with
views over Chaldon Down.
The barrow mound measures 29.5m north-south and 34m east-west, and is 0.5m
high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried
during its construction. This has become infilled over the years and can no
longer be seen at ground level. It does, however, survive as a buried feature
c.5m wide. A quantity of burnt and worked flint, including a flint core and
scraper, has been found on the surface of the barrow.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 21951
Legacy System: RSM
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing