Bowl barrow 500m north-west of Sturmer Hall
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1008189
Date first listed: 10-Aug-1923
Date of most recent amendment: 15-Nov-1993
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Braintree (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: TL 68837 44286
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The bowl barrow 500m north-west of Sturmer Hall is well preserved and will retain important archaeological and environmental information relating to the construction and use of the monument and to the landscape in which it was built.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a west facing slope
overlooking the River Stour. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound which
measures 48m in diameter and 2.5m high. Although no longer visible at ground
level, a ditch, from which material was excavated during its construction,
surrounds the mound. The ditch has become infilled but survives as a buried
feature 2m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 20738
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County, (1907)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing