Medieval wayside cross, 780m SSE of Walwick Grange


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008265

Date first listed: 13-Apr-1994


Ordnance survey map of Medieval wayside cross, 780m SSE of Walwick Grange
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Warden

National Grid Reference: NY 90978 68555


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south-west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a 'latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped with the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or 'wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the 'Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The medieval cross 780m SSE of Walwick Grange survives reasonably well, despite the loss of its upper shaft and is a good example of a wayside cross in Northumberland.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


A medieval cross is situated just above the west bank of the River North Tyne immediately east of the Stanegate, the Roman road from Corbridge to Carlisle. The cross is visible as a rectangular socket stone measuring 0.9m by 0.75m. It is well embedded in the ground but stands to a height of 0.18m above ground level. There is a central socket hole, in which stands a stone shaft 0.33m by 0.25m and 0.6m high with its top broken off. The cross carries an engraving on its western side; this is a narrow `v' shape 0.36m long and probably represents the remains of an engraved cross decoration. The situation of the cross adjacent to the Stanegate, which continued in use as a road during medieval times, indicates that it is the remains of a medieval wayside cross.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25028

Legacy System: RSM


NY 96 NW 15,

End of official listing