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Cross dyke south east of Uplaw Knowe

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cross dyke south east of Uplaw Knowe

List entry Number: 1008275

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Alwinton

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Biddlestone

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Mar-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25016

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cross-dykes are substantial linear earthworks typically between 0.2km and 1km long and comprising one or more ditches arranged beside and parallel to one or more banks. They generally occur in upland situations, running across ridges and spurs. They are recognised as earthworks or as cropmarks on aerial photographs, or as combinations of both. The evidence of excavation and analogy with associated monuments demonstrates that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. Current information favours the view that they were used as territorial boundary markers, probably demarcating land allotment within communities, although they may also have been used as trackways, cattle droveways or defensive earthworks. Cross-dykes are one of the few monument types which illustrate how land was divided up in the prehistoric period. They are of considerable importance for any analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Very few have survived to the present day and hence all well- preserved examples are considered to be of national importance.

The cross dyke south east of Uplaw Knowe is well preserved. It is one of several cross dykes associated with Clennell Street, and forms one of a group of cross dykes associated with other drove roads in the border area. They will contribute to our understanding of prehistoric and medieval territorial division on the northern borderlands.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a cross dyke which runs for 130m above a saddle of ground in a north west to south east ridge. It is thought that the monument was once a much longer feature running between steep slopes on either side of the ridge. The dyke comprises an earthen bank 4m-6m wide standing to a maximum height of 1m with a ditch 2.5m wide and 0.5m deep on the south side of the bank. Clennell Street, a medieval drove road, passes through a gap in the cross dyke but its relationship with the monument is uncertain. It is thought that the cross dyke is prehistoric in origin and marks a territorial division which may have been reused during the medieval period. The fence line which crosses the cross dyke from south east to north west is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
NT 90 NW 04,

National Grid Reference: NT 91497 08479

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008275 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 04:13:23.

End of official listing