Long barrow on Redhill
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1008289
Date first listed: 29-Apr-1955
Date of most recent amendment: 20-May-1994
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: North Somerset (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference: ST 49956 63603
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.
The long barrow on Redhill survives well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.
The monument includes a long barrow orientated east-west and situated just
below the crest of Redhill. The barrow has a mound c.53m long, c.11m wide and
c.0.6m high. Both ends are rounded, the eastern end being higher than the
west. Flanking either side of the mound are side ditches from which material
was quarried during the construction of the monument. These are not visible at
ground level as they have become infilled over the years, but they survive as
buried features c.3m wide.
The field boundary which runs across the monument at right angles c.4m in from
the western end is excluded from the scheduling, although the underlying
ground is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 22820
Legacy System: RSM
Dimensions of long mound,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing