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Bowl barrow 90m south-west of Bicknell Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 90m south-west of Bicknell Farm

List entry Number: 1008294

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Bath and North East Somerset

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Nempnett Thrubwell

County:

District: North Somerset

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Butcombe

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Dec-1977

Date of most recent amendment: 20-May-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22815

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation, the bowl barrow 90m south-west of Bicknell Farm survives well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Pottery recovered from the barrow suggests that it may have been reused in the Iron Age period for burial. It was subsequently reused as a windmill mound in the 13th century AD.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated below the crest of a prominent flat-topped hill 90m south-west of Bicknell Farm. The barrow has a mound c.2m high and c.26m in diameter surrounded by a ditch, c.3m wide and c.0.6m deep, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. Partial excavation of the site in 1946 produced sherds of Iron Age pottery and a cremation burial, confirming that the site represents a prehistoric burial monument, but suggesting its possible reuse in the Iron Age period. During the medieval period the mound supported a windmill.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Rahtz, P, M, , 'Proc of Univ Bristol Speleological Society' in Excavation of a Round Barrow SW of Bicknell Farm, Butcombe, Som, , Vol. 2, (1958), 89
Other
Interpretation of excavation results, Interpretation of excavation results,

National Grid Reference: ST 51641 62732

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008294 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 05:42:52.

End of official listing