Two confluent bowl barrows on Felton Hill

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008361
Date first listed:
17-Feb-1927
Date of most recent amendment:
20-May-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two confluent bowl barrows on Felton Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
North Somerset (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Winford
National Grid Reference:
ST 51958 64820

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrows on Felton Hill survive well and contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Confluent bowl barrows are an unusual occurrence in this area of the country.

Details

The monument includes two confluent bowl barrows aligned north-west to south- east and situated on the crest of Felton Hill. The two mounds lie within c.10m of one another and share the same quarry ditch. The northern barrow mound survives to a height of c.1.2m and has a diameter of 22m; the southern example is c.1m in height and c.21m in diameter. An outer ditch c.3m wide and c.0.7m deep represents the quarry from which material was derived during the construction of the monument. This would originally have been deeper, but has become infilled over the years.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
22813
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Bowen, H C, Eagles, B N (ed), The archaeology of Bokerley Dyke, (1990), 80-83
Bowen, H C, Eagles, B N (ed), The archaeology of Bokerley Dyke, (1990), 80-83
Tratman, E, 'Proc UBSS' in Somerset Barrows, (1925), 279
Tratman, E, 'Proc UBSS' in Somerset Barrows, (1925), 279

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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