Bowl barrow in Wellhead Wood
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 29-Jul-2021 at 01:43:26.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- East Sussex
- Rother (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- TQ 75739 23192
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow in Wellhead Wood survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the north east side of a hill
overlooking the River Rother. The central circular mound survives as an
earthwork 13m in diameter and 1.5m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch c.4m
wide from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has
become partially infilled over the years but is clearly visible as a
depression 4m wide and 0.4m deep on the north west side of the mound and
survives as a buried feature elsewhere. An uneven hollow in the centre of the
mound suggests that it has been partially excavated.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Jones, G, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in An Early Bronze Age Barrow in Ewhurst Parish, (1980), 367
Jones, G, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in An Early Bronze Age Barrow in Ewhurst Parish, (1980), 368
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing