Bowl barrow in Wellhead Wood

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008369

Date first listed: 25-Nov-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Wellhead Wood
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Rother (District Authority)

Parish: Ewhurst

National Grid Reference: TQ 75739 23192

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow in Wellhead Wood survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the north east side of a hill overlooking the River Rother. The central circular mound survives as an earthwork 13m in diameter and 1.5m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch c.4m wide from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become partially infilled over the years but is clearly visible as a depression 4m wide and 0.4m deep on the north west side of the mound and survives as a buried feature elsewhere. An uneven hollow in the centre of the mound suggests that it has been partially excavated.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24387

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Jones, G, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in An Early Bronze Age Barrow in Ewhurst Parish, (1980), 367
Jones, G, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in An Early Bronze Age Barrow in Ewhurst Parish, (1980), 368

End of official listing