Bowl barrow on Bow Hill, 290m south east of the Tansley Stone
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Feb-2020 at 15:50:05.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Sussex
- Chichester (District Authority)
- National Park:
- SOUTH DOWNS
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 82479 10914
Reasons for Designation
Beneficial land use over the years has enabled Bow Hill and Kingley Vale to support one of the most diverse and well-preserved areas of chalk downland archaeological remains in south eastern England. These remains are considered to be of particular significance because they include types of monument, dating from the prehistoric and Roman periods, more often found in Wessex and south western Britain. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between trackways, settlement sites, land boundaries, stock enclosures, flint mines, ceremonial and funerary monuments in the area gives significant insight into successive changes in the pattern of land use over time. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Despite evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow 290m south east of the Tansley Stone survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The barrow forms part of a group of three round barrows situated on this part of the hill slope, and lies to the north of a prehistoric flint mine. These monuments are broadly contemporary, and their close association will provide evidence for the relationship between industrial activity and burial practice during the period of their construction and use.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a gentle south facing slope
below the summit of a ridge of the Sussex Downs.
The barrow has a mound 8m in diameter and 0.3m high surrounded by a ditch from
which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. The ditch has
become infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The
barrow was partially excavated in 1895 when it was found to contain a small
inverted urn, a type of Bronze Age pottery vessel.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Smith, H, 'Sussex Archaeolgical Collections' in Notes on Prehistoric Burial in Sussex, , Vol. 22, (1870), 62-65
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing