Castle Tump, a motte castle and causeway, 150m west of Teme Bridge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008392

Date first listed: 26-May-1956

Date of most recent amendment: 17-May-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Castle Tump, a motte castle and causeway, 150m west of Teme Bridge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Burford

National Grid Reference: SO 59423 68627

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Motte castles are medieval fortifications introduced into Britain by the Normans. They comprised a large conical mound of earth or rubble, the motte, surmounted by a palisade and a stone or timber tower. In a majority of examples an embanked enclosure containing additional buildings, the bailey, adjoined the motte. Motte castles and motte-and-bai1ey castles acted as garrison forts during offensive military operations, as strongholds, and, in many cases, as aristocratic residences and as centres of local or royal administration. Built in towns, villages and open countryside, motte castles generally occupied strategic positions dominating their immediate locality and, as a result, are the most visually impressive monuments of the early post-Conquest period surviving in the modern landscape. Over 600 motte castles and motte-and-bailey castles are recorded nationally, with examples known from most regions. Some 100-150 examples do not have baileys and are classified as motte castles. As one of a restricted range of recognised early post-Conquest monuments, they are particularly important for the study of Norman Britain and the development of the feudal system. Although many were occupied for only a short period of time, motte castles continued to be built and occupied from the 11th to the 13th centuries, after which they were superseded by other types of castle.

The motte castle on the flood plain of the River Teme, 150m west of Teme Bridge survives well and is a good example of its class. It will contain archaeological information relating to its construction and occupation and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which it was constructed. Its position on the flood plain may have resulted in the preservation of organic materials sealed in the waterlogged deposits beneath the mound and beneath the causeway. The motte is one of a group of such monuments which lie along the valley of the River Teme, positioned to control crossing places. As such, it offers valuable information relating to the management of the valley during the early medieval period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a small motte castle and an earthen causeway standing on the flood plain of the River Teme. The motte is visible as a well defined earthen mound 25m in diameter at base rising 3.6m high to a level summit 4m in diameter. There is no ditch surrounding the mound, rather it stands on a slight island raised 0.8m above the surrounding level of the flood plain. This raised platform is linked to the northern edge of the flood plain by the remains of an earthen causeway which runs from the north east edge of the platform as a low spread bank 8m wide and 0.4m high, orientated north east to south west.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 19142

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing