Round barrow 300m north-east of farm on Garrowby Hill Top

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008437

Date first listed: 09-Sep-1958

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Jun-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 300m north-east of farm on Garrowby Hill Top
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Kirby Underdale

National Grid Reference: SE 80849 56969

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation and the evident reduction in size of the barrow mound by ploughing, this monument will retain significant archaeological remains within and beneath the surviving mound and in the ditch.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric round barrow, one of a group in this area of the Yorkshire Wolds. The barrow survives as a visible mound 1m high and 4.5m north-south by 7m east to west. Originally it would have been circular with a diameter of 13m, but has been reduced to its present shape by ploughing. A ditch from which material was excavated during the construction of the monument surrounds the barrow mound. This has become in-filled over the years but survives as a buried feature 3m wide. The barrow was partially excavated in 1867 by the antiquarian J R Mortimer. His investigations recovered two inhumations, and fragments of pottery and flint flakes which were grave goods or votive deposits.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21080

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 142-3
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 142
Other
14602, Humberside SMR (14602),

End of official listing