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Settlement north west of Ell's Knowe

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Settlement north west of Ell's Knowe

List entry Number: 1008478

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Kirknewton

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 05-Sep-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24578

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non- defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common. Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known. These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common, although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important.

This site north west of Ell's Knowe is a good example of a Roman period native farmstead. It is in good condition and is relatively intact. Its proximity to a number of other broadly contemporary settlements demonstrates well the organisation and development of land use during this period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Roman period native farmstead situated on a north west facing slope overlooking the Elsdon Burn. The roughly circular enclosure has been scooped into the uphill slope to create a level platform suitable for buildings and is enclosed by an earth and stone bank. The bank encloses an area which measures 7.8m north-south and 9.7 east-west. It varies in height from 1.5m on the uphill side to 0.7m on the north side. The bank has an average width of 5m. The entrance into the interior of the enclosure is situated on the north west side and measures 1.7m wide. Several large upstanding stones survive on either side of the entrance. A hut circle is located on the west side of the enclosure. The enclosure bank runs in front of the hut circle with the rear of the hut circle projecting outside the enclosure. The hut circle measures 8.5m north-south by 6.5m east- west. Its entrance is located on the west side, facing into the enclosure. The whole monument, including the hut circle measures 20m north-south by 22m east-west.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NT 87026 27983

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 02:11:06.

End of official listing