Pair of confluent bowl barrows 200m SSW of Bockett's Corner on Leigh Hale Plain

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008492

Date first listed: 28-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 20-Jun-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Pair of confluent bowl barrows 200m SSW of Bockett's Corner on Leigh Hale Plain
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Asthal

National Grid Reference: SP 29113 13043

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Leigh Hale Plain pair of bowl barrows form a distinct type of confluent burial monument. Despite having been reduced by cultivation, they will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction and the landscape in which they were built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows with confluent ditches, situated 200m SSW of Bockett's Corner on Leigh Hale Plain. The barrows, which are aligned east-west, occupy a low ridge which runs from east to west with gentle slopes down hill to the north and south. The western barrow survives as a low stony mound 10m across and up to 0.2m high. This represents the visible extent of the original barrow mound which has been levelled by cultivation but survives with an overall diameter of 16m. This is surrounded by a quarry ditch, from which material was obtained during the construction of the mound. The ditch survives below ground as a 4m wide feature visible on aerial photographs. The eastern mound survives as a low stony mound 20m across and up to 0.5m high. It has also been partially levelled and the actual diameter of the mound is 22m across. This survives as a spread of stone, visible at ground level in the ploughsoil. The surrounding quarry ditch, which is visible on aerial photographs, has become infilled over the years but also survives as a buried feature 4m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21788

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Discussion of field names -Mr Mathews, JEFFERY, P.P., DISCUSSION WITH MANAGER, (1993)
Discussion of field names-Mr. Mathews, JEFFERY, P.P., DISCUSSION WITH MANAGER, (1993)
OCN 70 LEIGH HALL PLAIN ROUND BARROWS, County List of Scheduled Ancient Monuments - Oxfordshire, (1987)
PRN 2297, C.A.O., LEIGH HALE PLAIN ROUND BARROWS, (1992)
R.C.H.M.(E),
SP 21 SE 11, Ordnance Survey, Bowl Barrows (2), (1976)
Title: Ordnance Survey 6" Series Source Date: 1955 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: 6"

End of official listing