Two round barrows east of Wild Middle Gill


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008514

Date first listed: 01-Nov-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Apr-1994


Ordnance survey map of Two round barrows east of Wild Middle Gill
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Hawnby


National Grid Reference: SE 50230 91941


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance both these barrows have survived well. Significant information about the original form, burials placed within them and evidence of earlier land use beneath the mounds will be preserved. Together with adjacent round barrows this monument is thought to mark a prehistoric boundary in this area. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the north and central areas of the North York Moors providing important insights into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments also offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two adjacent round barrows on the southern edge of Arden Great Moor overlooking Thorodale. Many other similar monuments are found on Arden Moor. The monument includes a well defined earth and stone mound 15m in diameter with a smaller mound 12m in diameter touching it to the north-west. The larger mound is 1.8m high and the smaller one 1m high. There is a single ditch on each of the sides of the long axis of the conjoined barrows, with a causeway crossing each centrally. The ditch is a maximum of 4.5m wide and 0.8m at its deepest. The southern ditch projects beyond the eastern end of the large mound by 4m. The western end of the southern ditch has been destroyed by a small quarry. The centre of each mound has been dug into in the past. The soil from these early excavations is spread around in uneven piles creating an irregular profile. It is one of many similar monuments on this area of the Hambleton Hills. Many of these lie in groups, particularly along the watersheds. They provide evidence of prehistoric territorial organisation, marking divisions of land; divisions which still remain as some parish or township boundaries.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 24440

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993)
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993)

End of official listing