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Moated site, 80m south east of Church Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site, 80m south east of Church Farm

List entry Number: 1008543

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Warwickshire

District: Stratford-on-Avon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Morton Bagot

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 21-Dec-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21554

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site 80m south east of Church Farm survives well and is largely unencumbered by modern development. Evidence for the building which originally occupied the moated island will survive beneath the ground surface and the moat arms will retain environmental evidence for the economy of the moated site's inhabitants. The site of the watermill and, in particular, the terrace upon which it is located, and the trackway will provide valuable information for the industrial reuse of the site.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is situated approximately 80m south east of Church Farm, in the parish of Morton Bagot, and includes a moated site, the site of a watermill and a length of a trackway. The moated site is an irregular ovoid in plan and has been constructed out of the side of a gently sloping hill. It has external dimensions of 120m north west-south east and up to 80m north east-south west. The moat arms have steeply sloping sides and are approximately 15m wide and up to 2.5m deep. They are now mostly dry, although the northern part of the moat remains waterfilled. An external bank, 11m wide across its base, is visible along the south west and southern sides of the moat. The south east part of the moat has become infilled, but it will survive as a buried feature, and part of the external bank in this area has been levelled. Access onto the moated island is by means of a causeway across the north west part of the moat and this is thought to mark the site of the original entrance to the site. The moated island itself, has an oval plan and measures 65m north west-south east and 45m north east-south west, an area of approximately 0.28ha. It has been artificially raised above the surrounding ground surface and is now partly occupied by a 17th century timber-framed barn, Listed Grade II, and a modern agricultural building. These structures are not included in the scheduling. There are intermittent traces of an inner bank around the perimeter of the moated island. Documentary records indicate that during the 17th century the moated site was occupied by a building described as Lord Carrington's Lodge House. In the northern part of the site, the northern side of the moat has been modified and widened. A retaining bank, 10m wide, has been constructed along the northern side of the moat arm in order to create a waterfilled pond. This pond was described as a fishpond in the 19th century but it is thought to be the remains of a millpond associated with the earthwork remains of a watermill. The pond would have originally provided a sufficient head of water to drive the mill-wheel. The mill site is located at the southern end of a levelled terrace and immediately to the east of the millpond at the north east end of the retaining bank. The terrace is aligned north west-south east and has been cut into the hillside. Although no longer visible on the ground surface, the mill building and its associated wheel-pit will survive as buried features. A shallow channel, approximately 0.5m wide, is visible running parallel with the south west side of the terrace. This is thought to be the tailrace for the watermill. At the northern end of the terrace the earthwork remains of a trackway are visible. This feature can be traced running eastwards from the terrace towards the site of a pit, now disused, which is approximately 60m to the north east of the terrace. The trackway clearly links the site of the watermill with the disused pit. The timber-framed barn, the adjoining agricultural building, the remains of a concrete silage store and the concrete floor surfaces (all situated within the moated island) and all fence posts, are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Bond, DM, The Victoria History of the County of Warwickshire: Morton Bagot, (1946), 134

National Grid Reference: SP 11357 64619

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008543 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 01:18:01.

End of official listing