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Moated site with fishpond and flood banks at Long Whatton

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site with fishpond and flood banks at Long Whatton

List entry Number: 1008551


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Leicestershire

District: North West Leicestershire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Long Whatton and Diseworth

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Jul-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 17082

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Long Whatton survives in good condition and is unusual in having surviving flood banks associated with it. Excavations have confirmed that this was an important site with a range of well constructed buildings. Further remains of this complex will survive in the unexcavated parts of the site. Unusually, this site is one of two moated sites located in close proximity to the village.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The site at Long Whatton lies to the north of the village, on the north facing slope of the valley of the Whatton Brook, a tributary of the River Soar. It includes a rectangular moated site, a fishpond and a series of flood banks alongside the Whatton Brook. The monument is divided into two separate constraint areas.

The moated site is situated at the top of the valley and measures 55 x 50m in overall dimensions including the outer banks extant on the eastern and northern sides and measuring 4m wide. The moat ditch is an average of 8m wide and has a very silted appearance, giving a present depth of about 1m. Two channels lead down the slope from the north-east and north-west corners of the moat although their survival is poor and they are not included in the scheduling. The position of the moat is such that in order to retain water in the southern half of the moat, dams were constructed across its central axis. Evidence for these dams can be seen now only on the eastern side where a visible earthwork survives. Excavated evidence confirms that a similar feature existed on the western side. The rectangular fishpond is situated 50m to the north of the moat and lies on the south bank of the Whatton Brook. It measures 60m x 45m including the outer banks which exist on all sides except the eastern and measure up to 1m high. Situated either side of the Whatton Brook are extensive flood banks considered to be contemporary with the moated site and fishpond. On the south bank of the brook the bank runs for 150m and is 5m across and up to 1m high. On the north bank four shorter sections extending for 125m are of similar dimensions.

The moat was partly excavated over a ten year period from 1971 to 1981 at which point half the island had been investigated. A suite of four stone built rooms and a yard were revealed with fragments of stained glass representing a chapel located near what is considered to be a gatehouse. Excavation confirmed the presence of the dams mid-way along the east and western arms of the moat. The pottery sequence ranged mainly from the 13th to the 15th centuries, indicating abandonment in the 15th century. Further earthworks in the field, which do not survive well and are not included in the scheduling, indicate an extensive medieval complex of water channels and enclosures.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hartley, R F, The Medieval Earthworks of North-West Leicestershire, (1987)
Tarver, A, 'Transactions of the Leicestershire Arch and Historical Society' in Long Whatton Moat, , Vol. 56, (1981)

National Grid Reference: SK 47831 23861, SK 47862 23720


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This copy shows the entry on 19-Mar-2018 at 03:20:26.

End of official listing