Round cairn, 300m south east of Fiddlers Wood

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008564

Date first listed: 12-Apr-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn, 300m south east of Fiddlers Wood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Otterburn

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

National Grid Reference: NY 88110 98567

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the fact that the cairn near Fiddlers Wood was partially damaged during the 19th century, it survives reasonably well and retains significant archaeological deposits. Evidence of the manner of construction, and the nature and duration of its use will be preserved within and beneath the mound.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a round cairn, known as Hare Cairn, of Bronze Age date situated on gently sloping, west facing moorland. The cairn, composed of stone and earth measures 18m north east to south west by 21m north west to south east and stands to a maximum height of 0.8m. The cairn is bounded on the east, south and south west sides by a slight stony bank which is thought to represent spoil removed from the cairn in the 19th century. There is an open cist or stone coffin, 5m east of the cairn centre, formed of large flat stones; it measures 1.3m by 0.9m and is 0.5m deep. Two further depressions to the south of the centre of the cairn are the sites of two additional cists which were uncovered in the 19th century, during stone robbing of the cairn, and found to contain the remains of ashes and bones.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25062

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
MacLaughlan, H, Memoir to Survey of Eastern Branch of the Watling Street, (1864), 49
Other
NY 89 NE 09,

End of official listing