Tingle Stone long barrow
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Sep-2020 at 07:49:08.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Cotswold (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- ST 88234 98986
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.
The Tingle Stone long barrow survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The occurrence of the standing stone on the mound is unusual. This barrow is a good example representing a group of long barrows commonly referred to as the Cotswold Severn group, named after the area in which they occur. It is one of very few examples of this group not to have been excavated.
The monument includes a long barrow known as the Tingle Stone situated in the
Cotswold Hills below the crest of a ridge overlooking a valley to the south.
The barrow has a mound composed of small stones orientated north-south with
maximum dimensions of 40m in length, 20m in width and a maximum height of
c.2m. This is flanked on each side by a ditch from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument. These have become infilled over the
years, but survive as buried features c.5m wide.
The site is named after the standing stone which is situated towards the
northern end of the monument. This stone is a block of oolitic limestone
orientated north-south with a maximum height of 1.5m above ground level and
dimensions of 0.6m by 0.3m.
There are reports of coins having been recovered from the site of the barrow
prior to 1789, although there are no records of an excavation.
The long barrow represents one of at least three long barrows which occur as a
dispersed group in the vicinity.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing