Stone hut circle 130m south east of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008637
Date first listed:
18-Jul-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Stone hut circle 130m south east of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Devon
District:
West Devon (District Authority)
Parish:
Peter Tavy
National Park:
DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference:
SX 53227 76074

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle 130m south east of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor survives comparatively well and forms part of a scattered group of settlements situated on the slopes of Cox Tor. The hut lies on the edge of a coaxial field system and close to an important round cairn cemetery. The hut contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. As such, it provides a valuable source of information concerning the nature of Bronze Age occupation and land use on the west side of the Moor.

Details

This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on a terrace on the southern slope of Cox Tor overlooking Beckamoor Combe. The stone hut circle is composed of a stone and earth wall defining an internal area measuring 7m in diameter. The wall is 1.8m wide and stands up to 0.4m high. A clearly defined doorway faces south. This hut lies on the northern edge of a coaxial field system which extends over the southern slopes of Cox Tor.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
22236
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Gerrard, S, Military mortar emplacements on Dartmoor?, (1992)
Other
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles,
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW40,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing