Round cairn 100m south of Down Tor

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008642
Date first listed:
17-Jan-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 100m south of Down Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Devon
District:
West Devon (District Authority)
Parish:
Walkhampton
National Park:
DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference:
SX 58031 69284

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the round cairn 100m south of Down Tor survives well and contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn containing a cist situated on a south facing slope below Down Tor overlooking the valley of the Narrator Brook. The cairn mound measures 4.3m in diameter and stands up to 0.3m high. The centre of the mound has been partially excavated to reveal a cist orientated east to west. The interior of this cist measures 0.7m long by 0.45m wide and 0.5m deep. The capstone, which measures 1.8m by 0.9m wide, has been displaced, and now lies a short distance south of the cist.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
24087
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX56NE119,
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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