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Enclosure 560m south east of Penn Beacon, forming part of a stone hut circle settlement

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Enclosure 560m south east of Penn Beacon, forming part of a stone hut circle settlement

List entry Number: 1008644

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cornwood

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 05-Jul-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24094

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite being cut through by a leat, the enclosure 560m south east of Penn Beacon survives comparatively well, forms part of a larger settlement and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument, the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived. As such, it provides a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the south side of the Moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes an enclosure situated on a south east facing slope overlooking the valley of Ford Brook and forms part of a settlement including at least 13 stone hut circles and three enclosures. The interior of the enclosure measures 55m east to west by 24m north to south and is defined by a partly faced 2.5m wide and 0.6m high rubble wall. Substantial breaks in the northern and southern lengths of the boundary wall may be the result of limited robbing though significant parts of these lengths of walling may still survive as buried features. This enclosure lies on the south western edge of the settlement and has been cut through by a post-medieval leat which leads from SX 60486289 to the Whitehill Yeo China Clay Works. The leat channel lying within the monument measures 2m wide and 0.8m deep and the associated bank of material upcast during the cutting of the leat survives as a 1.9m wide and 0.5m high bank on the downslope side of the channel. Stone hut circles and enclosures lying north and west of this monument are the subjects of separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX66SW133,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX66SW167,
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

National Grid Reference: SX 60394 62592

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008644 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 08:25:19.

End of official listing