Stone hut circle settlement 330m south east of Great Nodden
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Devon (District Authority)
- Lands common to the Parishes of Bridestowe and Sourton
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 54125 87235
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
The stone hut circle settlement 330m south east of Great Nodden survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument, the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived. As such, it provides a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the west side of the Moor. The multi-phase character of the settlement will provide valuable information concerning the changing domestic and agricultural requirements of an upland Bronze Age society.
This monument includes six stone hut circles and two circular enclosures forming the largest part of a settlement situated on a west-facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Lyd. The interior of the southern enclosure measures 38m east to west by 36m north to south and is defined by a partly faced rubble wall 1.7m wide and 0.6m high. Two stone hut circles are linked by the enclosure boundary wall and both survive as stone and earth banks surrounding a circular internal area. The southern hut is a two-roomed building. The interior of the western room measures 6m in diameter and is defined by a 1m wide and 0.4m high wall, whilst the eastern room is 3.9m in diameter and the surrounding wall is 1m wide and 0.4m high. The interior of the northern hut measures 5.5m in diameter and the surrounding wall is 1.8m wide and 0.6m high. Both these huts are abutted by the enclosure boundary wall, suggesting that the huts were constructed before the enclosure.
The interior of the northern enclosure measures 35m in diameter and is defined by a partly faced rubble wall 1.7m wide and 0.7m high. A gap in the southern circuit of this wall may represent an original entrance. A 5.5m diameter ring of stones protruding through the turf lies on the western side of the entrance and probably represents a stone hut circle.
Between the enclosures lie at least three unenclosed stone hut circles. The interior of the southern hut measures 4.2m in diameter and is defined by a 1.5m wide wall standing up to 0.4m high. The doorway survives as a gap in the surrounding wall, is lined by slabs along the northern side and faces WSW. The central hut includes a two-roomed structure. The southern room measures 4m in diameter and the northern room is 2.5m in diameter. The surrounding walls are up to 1.2m wide and 0.4m high. The interior of the western hut is 5.3m in diameter and the surrounding wall measures 1.5m wide and up to 0.8m high. The doorway, which survives as a partly blocked gap in the surrounding wall, is lined on both sides and faces south west.
Two stone hut circles lie a short distance to the east of this monument, but are not included in the scheduling because they are the subjects of separate schedulings.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 151
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 218
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX58NW42,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX58NW64,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX58NW69,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1988)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing