Rock Farm moated site, deserted medieval village and ridge and furrow, 100m SE of St Peter and St Paul's Church

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008658

Date first listed: 21-Jul-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Rock Farm moated site, deserted medieval village and ridge and furrow, 100m SE of St Peter and St Paul's Church
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Worcestershire

District: Wyre Forest (District Authority)

Parish: Rock

National Grid Reference: SO 73258 71081

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site south-east of St Peter and St Paul's Church survives well and is a good example of its class. The moat interior, which is undisturbed and shows surface indications of sub-surface structures, will retain valuable archaeological evidence about its structure and use. The ditch fills of the moat will retain important environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the moat was constructed and of landscape changes during its period of use. Its importance is greatly enhanced by the survival in adjacent areas of settlement remains. Although these have been recently ploughed and planted with a root crop, they retain many visible archaeological features which will contain important comparative evidence for the structure and economy of the settlement adjacent to the moated site. In the context of the settlement site and moat the headlands of the open-field systems will provide important information regarding the layout and chronology of the agricultural regime upon which the moated site and its settlement depended.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a moated enclosure, deserted medieval village and associated earthworks, situated on the level summit of a low hill in gently rolling farmland. The moated enclosure is rectangular in shape with overall dimensions of 114m north to south by l10m east to west. It is defined by a substantial ditch averaging l8m wide and 3m deep, flanked around its outer edge by a flat-topped bank averaging 9m wide and 0.8m high. The bank is broken by an original entrance midway along its west side where a causeway 7m wide crosses the ditch. The central platform of the moat is roughly square with sides of 58m giving an enclosed area of some 0.3ha. The platform surface is irregular in nature, indicating that internal structures survive as buried features. To the immediate west of the moat the truncated ends of east to west orientated ridge and furrow are visible. Associated earthworks, which include enclosure banks averaging 0.5m high and part of a hollow way, can be recognised adjacent to the moat on its south side. The deserted medieval village remains lie to the north-east of the moat, in an area recently ploughed. They comprise a series of linear hollows orientated north-west to south-east which represent the position of village streets and several rectangular hollows representing house platforms.

The area immediately around the farm house and the area of the church and churchyard are not part of the scheduling. All boundary features are excluded from the scheduling though the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 19131

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 1st Edition Source Date: 1882 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing