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Bush Barrow: a bowl barrow 650m north east of Chideock Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bush Barrow: a bowl barrow 650m north east of Chideock Farm

List entry Number: 1008682

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chaldon Herring

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Mar-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Jan-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21914

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, Bush Barrow survives well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. This is one of numerous barrows which survive locally and, as such, will contribute to our understanding of Bronze Age settlement in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on chalk downland behind the coastal ridge, c.1.2km north of the Dorset coast. The barrow mound measures 25m diameter and stands to 2.5m high. A slight hollow in the centre of the mound suggests partial excavation, although no records of this are known. The ditch, from which material was quarried during construction of the mound, can no longer be seen at ground level having become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.5m in width. The posts which surround and protect the barrow from ploughing on its west side are placed 6m away from the mound. These are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SY 79951 81987

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008682 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Nov-2017 at 07:39:14.

End of official listing