Cairn 600m west-south-west of Debdon Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008696

Date first listed: 25-Feb-1993


Ordnance survey map of Cairn 600m west-south-west of Debdon Farm
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This copy shows the entry on 10-Dec-2018 at 18:29:48.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Cartington

National Grid Reference: NU 05554 04320


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the cairn west-south-west of Debdon Farm has undergone partial excavation in the past the limit of disturbance is confined to the central area and significant surrounding archaeological deposits survive undisturbed. Additionally, this cairn is one of a group of Prehistoric burial cairns in the area and it will contribute to our understanding of Prehistoric settlement and activity in the region.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the remains of a cairn of Bronze Age date situated in a hollow between two hills. The monument survives as a heather covered mound measuring 11m in diameter and stands to a height of 1.3m. The centre of the cairn has been removed by partial excavation in the nineteenth century resulting in a hollow measuring 4m in diameter at the north-east side. The cairn was excavated by Canon Greenwell who uncovered a central stone cist containing fragments of human bone and charcoal; a second burial, the remains of a cremation, was also found to the south of the cist.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20900

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Greenwell, W , British Barrows, (1877)
No. 813,

End of official listing