Bowl barrow on Toot Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008710

Date first listed: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Toot Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: East Staffordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Uttoxeter

National Grid Reference: SK 10140 31845

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation the bowl barrow on Toot Hill survives well. This investigation located pottery dating to Prehistoric and Roman periods and confirmed this monument as a rare example in Staffordshire of a bowl barrow re-used in Roman times. Further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located on a hill top on the north-east side of a plateau 150m north of Forest View. It survives as a flat-topped oval earthen mound up to 2.3m high with maximum dimensions of 27.5m by 23m. Limited antiquarian investigation of the barrow located pottery sherds identified as a collared urn and a Roman storage jar, and a number of flint flakes.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22421

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)
Simms, RS, AM7 Round Barrow on Toot Hill, (1965)
SMR No. 144, Staffs SMR, Round Barrow on Toot Hill,

End of official listing