Bowl barrow on Wetton Hill 650m north-west of Under Wetton

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008719

Date first listed: 21-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Wetton Hill 650m north-west of Under Wetton
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)

Parish: Wetton

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 11292 56595

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigations the bowl barrow on Wetton Hill 650m north-west of Under Wetton survives well. These investigations located human and faunal remains together with pottery and flint artefacts. Further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located at the south-eastern end of the eastern summit crest of Wetton Hill 650m north-west of Under Wetton. It survives as an oval earth and stone mound up to 0.9m high with maximum dimensions of 12m by 11m. Limited antiquarian investigation in 1845 located a rock-cut grave lined with thin flat limestones containing a contracted inhumation together with animal bones and flint artefacts. Further limited investigation four years later located a second contracted inhumation together with a flint artefact. Adjacent was a stone cist containing a third inhumation, a food vessel, flint artefacts and an antler tine.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22430

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

End of official listing