A bowl barrow at Howe Hill 130m south-south-west of St Felix's Church

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008736

Date first listed: 15-Jan-1965

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Jan-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of A bowl barrow at Howe Hill 130m south-south-west of St Felix's Church
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008736 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 15-Oct-2018 at 16:19:31.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton (District Authority)

Parish: Felixkirk

National Grid Reference: SE 46728 84621

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The barrow on Howe Hill is a well preserved example which, despite some possible disturbance to its archaeological deposits by tree roots, will retain its contents, including burials, intact.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which is situated on the crest of a prominent knoll in the centre of the village. The dome-shaped mound is 10m in diameter and about 1.5m in height (a slight but clearly-defined break of slope at the foot of the barrow distinguishes the artificial mound from the natural hillside). A quarry ditch is thought to encircle the mound but it has become infilled over the years and is no longer visible; the ditch is estimated by comparison with known examples to be about 2m wide, thus giving the monument a total diameter of 14m. Immediately to the west of the barrow, the natural hillside has been quarried away to accommodate the Thirsk road and the barrow is now very close to the edge of the scarp. There is no evidence that the mound has ever been opened and, although the roots of a mature tree growing from the summit of the barrow may have caused some disruption of archaeological deposits, the barrow's contents will be largely intact. Some recent maps refer to the barrow as a motte (a type of Norman earthwork castle) but this description is now considered erroneous. The name `Howe Hill' is commonly associated with burial mound sites. The surface of a metalled driveway to the Old Vicarage is excluded from the scheduling but, where it impinges on the monument, the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20460

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
L'Anson, W M, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in The Castles of the North Riding, , Vol. 22, (1912), 347
Other
A.J.T., Ordnance Survey Record, (1976)
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows, (1989)
Pacitto, A L, AM 107, (1986)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing