Bowl barrow on Treyford Hill


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008745

Date first listed: 13-Nov-1963

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Oct-1992


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Treyford Hill
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: Elsted and Treyford

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 82878 17699


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow on Treyford Hill survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and to the landscape in which it was constructed. The monument is unusual in that it is surrounded by a rectangular enclosure which may be contemporary with the barrow's construction.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow surrounded by a rectangular ditch, situated on the crest of a ridge in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow comprises a mound 8.5m in diameter and 0.7m high with a central hollow suggesting that it was once partially excavated. Surrounding this are the upstanding remains of a sub-rectangular ditch with an internal bank enclosing an area 14m across. On the west side of the mound the ditch survives as an earthwork 2.5m wide and 0.4m deep; elsewhere it survives as a buried feature. The fence line which crosses the southern side of the barrow from east to west is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20094

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934)
Ordnance Survey , SU 81 NW 11, (1970)

End of official listing