Romano-British farmstead and associated field system on Teg Down


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008748

Date first listed: 29-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 20-Apr-1994


Ordnance survey map of Romano-British farmstead and associated field system on Teg Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2018 at 07:20:26.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: SU 45975 29544


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Romano-British farmsteads were small-scale agricultural units, containing domestic and agricultural buildings, sometimes set within an enclosure, from which both arable and pastoral farming were carried out, probably by members of a single family. Most farmsteads contain none of the evidence for personal wealth which occurs on the larger villa sites and are generally regarded as being of low status in the social hierarchy of Roman Britain. Some farmsteads were first occupied during the Iron Age and continued in use into the Roman period. Indeed farmsteads presently known to have been founded after AD50 are relatively infrequent and appear to be concentrated in areas such as the Fenlands, east Yorkshire, the coastal plain of Sussex and in the vicinity of Hadrian's Wall. Most of these new sites date from the second century AD and were occupied for between 100 and 150 years. Farmsteads have a widespread distribution throughout Britain. Recorded examples surviving as earthworks are usually sited on high rather than low land, generally on marginal farmland and frequently clustered at a distance of 1km apart. Although around 1000 examples are recorded nationally, this is thought to be only a small proportion of those in existence in Roman times. The Romano-British farmstead on Teg Down survives well and is an outstanding example of its class. It is rare to find this type of monument in an extant condition in a lowland setting, since the majority of such sites have been levelled by ploughing and can be seen only as soil or crop marks from the air. The site is also unusual in the survival of a close association between the farmstead and its associated field system to the north and east and a stock enclosure to the south.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument on Teg Down includes a Romano-British farmstead, represented by a small quadrangular enclosure, and the surviving elements of an associated enclosure and field system. The site has a prominent setting on the crest of a steep-sided slope in an area of chalk downland. The farmstead enclosure is defined by a ditch and an internal bank. The ditch is now up to 1m deep and 8m in width at the top. The interior of the enclosure is crossed in a north east-south west direction by two ditches. The west ditch is 1.25m deep and 6.7m wide; the east ditch, partially covered by the construction of a tee area, is 0.4m deep and 1.5m wide. On the northern side of the enclosure is an outer bank. This continues round the north west corner, then turns away south west, and then turns east and continues to form an outwork enclosing an area of 0.75ha to the south of the farmstead. The bank is some 2.5m high. Outside the bank on its southern side is a ditch 1m deep by 5.8m wide; this continues for some 25m north east beyond the present survival of the bank. The field system is represented by lynchets and low earthworks to the north and east of the two enclosures. The western of the two lynchets which abut the farmstead enclosure on the north side stands to a height of 2m and appears to be overlain by the enclosure. The other visible elements of the field system generally survive as slighter earthworks although the most prominent lynchet to the east stands between 1.5m-2m in height. The tee, including the concrete seat, which has been constructed on the monument, is excluded from the scheduling although the ground, below the level of the tee mound, is included. The boundary fence, where it is used as part of the southern boundary of the monument, is excluded, but the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 10 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21902

Legacy System: RSM


NMR SU 4529/3, (1967)

End of official listing