Putwell Hill bowl barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008816

Date first listed: 30-Dec-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Putwell Hill bowl barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales (District Authority)

Parish: Brushfield

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SK 17093 71824

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although Putwell Hill bowl barrow has been disturbed by stone-robbing and its centre by partial excavation, it is still a reasonably well-preserved example containing significant areas of intact archaeological remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Putwell Hill lies north of Monsal Dale and is part of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes a sub-circular cairn measuring 17m by 13m and standing c.1m high. Originally the barrow would have been more uniformly round but it has been somewhat depleted by stone-robbing for the construction of the three drystone walls that converge on it. This activity probably occurred in the late seventeenth or early eighteenth centuries and has disturbed the archaeological remains that lie at the centre of the barrow. In 1850, Thomas Bateman carried out a partial excavation of the site and found evidence of both cremation and inhumation burials. These remains were not in association with any datable artefacts but the appearance of the barrow and its proximity to others of the period indicate a Bronze Age date. The walls crossing the monument are excluded from the scheduling though the ground underneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 13384

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861), 70
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977)

End of official listing