Bowl barrow west of Flanchford Road: part of the Reigate Heath round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008857

Date first listed: 16-Nov-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Feb-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow west of Flanchford Road: part of the Reigate Heath round barrow cemetery
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Reigate and Banstead (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: TQ 23647 50088

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The barrow west of Flanchford Road survives well and forms an integral part of the dispersed round barrow cemetery on Reigate Heath. Despite tree planting over the years, the monument will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow forming part of the dispersed round barrow cemetery on Reigate Heath. It is set on a south-east facing slope in an area of Lower Greensand. The barrow has a mound 16m in diameter and 0.6m high which was built into the slope, therefore making it more visible from the downslope south-eastern side. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23603

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Surrey Barrows 1934-1987: A Reappraisal, , Vol. 79, (1987)

End of official listing