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Yarnbury henge monument

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Yarnbury henge monument

List entry Number: 1008877

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Craven

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Grassington

National Park: YORKSHIRE DALES

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Nov-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 01-Aug-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 24480

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Henges are ritual or ceremonial centres which date to the Late Neolithic period (2800-2000 BC). They were constructed as roughly circular or oval- shaped enclosures comprising a flat area over 20m in diameter enclosed by a ditch and external bank. One, two or four entrances provided access to the interior of the monument, which may have contained a variety of features including timber or stone circles, post or stone alignments, pits, burials or central mounds. Finds from the ditches and interiors of henges provide important evidence for the chronological development of the sites, the types of activity that occurred within them and the nature of the environment in which they were constructed. Henges occur throughout England with the exception of south-eastern counties and the Welsh Marches. They are generally situated on low ground, often close to springs and water-courses. Henges are rare nationally with about 80 known examples. As one of the few types of identified Neolithic structures and in view of their comparative rarity, all henges are considered to be of national importance.

Yarnbury henge monument is a well preserved example of this relatively rare monument type. Although the site has been partially excavated, undisturbed areas particularly the ditch will retain environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The well preserved henge monument at Yarnbury is situated on a slight south east facing gradient 400m north east of Mire House. It includes a circular ditch with an external bank and entrance causeway on the south east side. The central enclosure has an approximate diameter of 20m by 22m with the surrounding rock cut ditch 3.5m wide and 0.25m deep. The outer turf covered stony bank is 3m-4m wide with a maximum height of 0.5m. The single clearly defined causeway entrance has a width of approximately 2m. An area about 10m in diameter to the north of the entrance has been destroyed by modern quarrying; this has sectioned the bank exposing its earth and stone structure. There is a slight mutilation to the bank and ditch about 2m to the west of the entrance and the entrance causeway itself has sustained damage on its south side. The monument was partially excavated in 1964 by Mr D Dymond of the Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Raistrick, Dr A, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal.' in Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, , Vol. 41, (1965), 323-4
Raistrick, Dr A, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal.' in Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, , Vol. 29, (1929), 364
Wainwright, G J, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society.' in , , Vol. 35, (1969), 124

National Grid Reference: SE 01406 65415

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008877 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 01:20:20.

End of official listing