Roman camp, 1.05km north of Featherwood
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 09-Jul-2020 at 20:11:30.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
- Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- NT 81334 05818
Reasons for Designation
Roman camps are rectangular or sub-rectangular enclosures which were
constructed and used by Roman soldiers either when out on campaign or as
practice camps; most campaign camps were only temporary overnight bases and
few were used for longer periods. They were bounded by a single earthen
rampart and outer ditch and in plan are always straight-sided with rounded
corners. Normally they have between one and four entrances, although as many
as eleven have been recorded. Such entrances were usually centrally placed in
the sides of the camp and were often protected by additional defensive
outworks. Roman camps are found throughout much of England, although most
known examples lie in the midlands and north. Around 140 examples have been
identified and, as one of the various types of defensive enclosure built by
the Roman Army, particularly in hostile upland and frontier areas, they
provide an important insight into Roman military strategy and organisation.
All well-preserved examples are identified as being of national importance.
The Roman temporary camp north of Featherwood survives in an excellent state of preservation and is a good example of its type. It is one of a group of camps constructed along Dere Street, one of the principal routes northwards, and contributes to our understanding of the Roman occupation of northern Britain.
The monument includes a Roman temporary camp situated on a gently sloping
south-facing slope. It lies immediately west of Dere Street, the Roman road
from Corbridge to Newstead in Scotland. The camp is irregular in shape, being
almost trapezoidal in plan with the usual rounded corners. It has maximum
dimensions of 488m north-south by 366m east to west within a substantial
rampart 7m wide in places and up to 0.8m in height. Outside the rampart there
is an intermittent ditch, a maximum of 4m across and varying between 0.2 and
0.5m deep. There are five gateways into the camp, one in each side and an
additional one in the western side. The gateways on the western side of the
camp are protected by detached lengths of rampart and ditch known as
traverses, placed across them at a distance of 10m from the entrance and
blocking the direct lines of access into the camp. There are also traces of a
traverse on the northern side but those which would have existed on the other
gateways have been levelled. The camp dates from the Roman occupation of
Britain in the first century AD. It is large enough to have been used
periodically on a temporary basis by soldiers advancing northwards and may
also have been used by smaller groups engaged in routine maintenance.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Richmond, I A, 'Northumberland County History xv' in The Romans in Redesdale, (1940)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing