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Three round cairns on Thirl Moor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Three round cairns on Thirl Moor

List entry Number: 1008883


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Alwinton


Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Nov-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Feb-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20916

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The three cairns on Thirl Moor survive in a good state of preservation and are good examples of their type. Their archaeological deposits are largely undisturbed and will contain valuable evidence relating to their construction and the nature and duration of their use.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes three large cairns of Bronze Age date situated in a row on the summit of Thirl Moor. All are constructed of unusually small stones and do not display traces of ditches or retaining circles of stone. The most northerly cairn, on the highest point of the moor, survives very well despite the construction of a modern cairn at its centre to support a flagstaff; it measures 15m in diameter and is 1.3m high. Some 13m south of this cairn there is a second, more massive cairn measuring 19m in diameter and up to 2m in height. Immediately south lies the third and best preserved cairn, measuring 15m in diameter and up to 1.7m in height.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

NT 80 NW 01,
NY 80 NW 01,

National Grid Reference: NT 80611 08347


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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 01:10:33.

End of official listing