Three round cairns on Thirl Moor
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1008883
Date first listed: 23-Nov-1967
Date of most recent amendment: 10-Feb-1993
The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008883 .pdf
The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.
This copy shows the entry on 17-Feb-2019 at 01:27:25.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND
National Grid Reference: NT 80611 08347
Reasons for Designation
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.
The three cairns on Thirl Moor survive in a good state of preservation and are good examples of their type. Their archaeological deposits are largely undisturbed and will contain valuable evidence relating to their construction and the nature and duration of their use.
The monument includes three large cairns of Bronze Age date situated in a row
on the summit of Thirl Moor. All are constructed of unusually small stones
and do not display traces of ditches or retaining circles of stone. The most
northerly cairn, on the highest point of the moor, survives very well despite
the construction of a modern cairn at its centre to support a flagstaff; it
measures 15m in diameter and is 1.3m high. Some 13m south of this cairn there
is a second, more massive cairn measuring 19m in diameter and up to 2m in
height. Immediately south lies the third and best preserved cairn, measuring
15m in diameter and up to 1.7m in height.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 20916
Legacy System: RSM
NT 80 NW 01,
NY 80 NW 01,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing