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Round cairn on Winter Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn on Winter Hill

List entry Number: 1008906

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lancashire

District: Chorley

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Rivington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-Sep-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 20-Aug-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23709

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited excavation of the monument during the 1950s, the round cairn on Winter Hill survives reasonably well. This excavation found well preserved organic material both within the cairn and upon the old landsurface beneath. This organic material afforded a rare opportunity to study the local vegetational community at the time of the cairn's construction. Further evidence of this well preserved organic material will exist within the cairn and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn located on moorland approximately 400m WNW of the summit of Winter Hill at the northern edge of the summit plateau and overlooking a steep drop to the north. It includes a circular earth and stone mound measuring 19.2m in diameter and up to 0.3m high. Limited excavation of the cairn during the 1950s located a central stone cairn c.2.5m in diameter and 1.5m high surrounded by a low outer wall or kerb approximately 18m in diameter and 0.4m high. The intervening space between the cairn and wall was filled initially with well preserved fresh vegetal matter then topped with large inverted turves and finally covered with sub-soil. Analysis of pollen taken from the excavation has given a date of about 1600-1400 BC for the cairn's construction.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Bulock, J D, Rosser, C E P, Dimbleby, G W, 'Trans Lancs and Chesh Antiq Soc' in Winter Hill: A Composite Cairn of the Bronze Age, , Vol. 70, (1960), 66-73
Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows, (1989)

National Grid Reference: SD 65577 15010

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008906 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 11:43:20.

End of official listing