Bowl barrow 250m north of Hacking Boat House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008908

Date first listed: 30-Nov-1925

Date of most recent amendment: 20-Aug-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 250m north of Hacking Boat House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lancashire

District: Ribble Valley (District Authority)

Parish: Aighton, Bailey and Chaigley

National Grid Reference: SD 70643 37457

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's centre, the bowl barrow 250m north of Hacking Boat House survives reasonably well. This investigation located human remains, a flint artefact, pottery and animal bones. Further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located on the flood plain of the River Ribble 250m north of Hacking Boat House. It includes an irregularly shaped mound of earth and stones up to 2.5m high with maximum dimensions of 60m south west-north east by 35m south east-north west. Limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's centre in 1894 by members of Stoneyhurst College located the primary burial consisting of a cairn of large stones beneath which was a human cremation lying on a thin layer of charcoal. Three secondary cremations were found nearby, one of which was accompanied by a flint scraper and several pieces of pottery included one with thumb nail decoration. A quantity of animal bones was also found. This investigation has left a hollow approximately 9m in diameter and 1.7m deep at the monument's centre and a `tail' or spread of excavated material on the barrow's south west side.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23711

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Luck, J R, 'Trans Lancs and Chesh Antiq Soc.' in , , Vol. 12, (1895), 27-31
Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows, (1989)

End of official listing