Rye Low bowl barrow

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008962
Date first listed:
13-Jun-1968
Date of most recent amendment:
26-Nov-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Rye Low bowl barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Staffordshire
District:
Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)
Parish:
Sheen
National Park:
PEAK DISTRICT
National Grid Reference:
SK 10520 61275

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation at the mound's centre, Rye Low bowl barrow survives well. The monument is a rare example in Staffordshire of a bowl barrow containing well preserved deposits of vegetation matter and insects, and further evidence of environmental material, interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Details

The monument includes Rye Low bowl barrow located on a locally high point near the western edge of a broad ridgetop 370m east of New House. It survives as an oval earthen mound up to 1.5m high with maximum dimensions of 37m by 31m. Limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's centre located excellently preserved deposits of vegetation comprising turf, moss, leaves, rushes, wood chips, heather and wood vetch. Insects including housefly, ants and beetles were also found. Beneath these deposits were cremated bones and flint artefacts.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
22404
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Sheldon, , 'Leek Times' in Leek Times 7-11, (1894)
Sheldon, , 'Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London' in Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London, (1894)
Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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