Rye Low bowl barrow
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 26-May-2019 at 05:03:53.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Staffordshire Moorlands (District Authority)
- National Park:
- PEAK DISTRICT
- National Grid Reference:
- SK 10520 61275
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite limited antiquarian investigation at the mound's centre, Rye Low bowl barrow survives well. The monument is a rare example in Staffordshire of a bowl barrow containing well preserved deposits of vegetation matter and insects, and further evidence of environmental material, interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.
The monument includes Rye Low bowl barrow located on a locally high point near
the western edge of a broad ridgetop 370m east of New House. It survives as
an oval earthen mound up to 1.5m high with maximum dimensions of 37m by 31m.
Limited antiquarian investigation of the monument's centre located excellently
preserved deposits of vegetation comprising turf, moss, leaves, rushes, wood
chips, heather and wood vetch. Insects including housefly, ants and beetles
were also found. Beneath these deposits were cremated bones and flint
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Sheldon, , 'Leek Times' in Leek Times 7-11, (1894)
Sheldon, , 'Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London' in Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London, (1894)
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing